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Classifications

Guide to Use Classes Order

and Permitted Changes of Use

(England and Wales)
Use Classes Order 1987 (see note 1) Use Classes Order 1972 Description General Development Order 1988 (see note 2)
A1
Shops
Class I

Shops, retail warehouses, hairdressers, undertakers, travel and ticket agencies, post offices, dry cleaners, etc

Pet shops, cats-meat shops, tripe shops, sandwich bars

Showrooms, domestic hire shops, funeral directors

No permitted change

(see note 3)

A2
Financial and Professional Services
Class II

Banks, building societies, estate and employment agencies

Professional and financial services, betting offices

Permitted change to A1 where a ground floor

display window exists

(see note 3)

A3
Food and Drink

Restaurants, pubs, snack bars, cafés, wine bars, shops for sale of hot food

Permitted change to A1 or A2

Sui Generis
(see note 4)

Shops selling and/or displaying motor vehicles

Launderettes, taxi or vehicle hire businesses, amusement centres, petrol filling stations

Permitted change to A1

No permitted change

B1
Business
(see note 5)
Class II
Class III

Offices, not within A2

Research and development studios, laboratories, high tech

Light industry

Permitted change to B8 where no more than 235sqm

B2
General Industrial
(see note 6)
Class IV-IX

General industrial

Permitted change to B1 or B8

B8 limited to no more than 235 sqm

B8
Storage and distribution
Class X

Wholesale warehouse, distribution centres, repositories

Permitted change to B1 where no more than 235 sqm

Sui Generis
(see note 4)
N/A

Any work registrable under the Alkali, etc. Works Regulation Act, 1906

No permitted change

C1
Hotels
(see note 7)
Class XI

Hotels, boarding and guest houses

No permitted change

C2
Residential Institutions
Class XII
Class XIV

Residential schools and colleges

Hospitals and convalescent/nursing homes

No permitted change

C3
Dwelling Houses
(see note 8)
N/A

Dwellings, small businesses at home, communal housing of elderly and handicapped

No permitted change

Sui Generis
(see note 4)
N/A

Hostel

No permitted change

D1
Non-residential Institutions
Class XIII
Class XV
Class XVI

Places of worship, church halls

Clinics, health centres, crèches, day nurseries, consulting rooms

Museums, public halls, libraries, art galleries, exhibition halls

Non-residential education and training centres

No permitted change

D2
Assembly and Leisure
Class XVII
Class XVIII

Cinemas, music and concert halls

Dance, sports halls, swimming baths, skating rinks, gymnasiums

Other indoor and outdoor sports and leisure uses, bingo halls, casinos

No permitted change

Sui Generis
(see note 4)
Class XVII

Theatres

No permitted change

Notes

The above is intended as a general guide only. Reference must be made in the final instance to the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 as amended, the Use Classes Order 1987 as amended, and the General Development Order 1988 as amended.

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